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A derived transfer of eliciting emotional functions using differences among electroencephalograms as a dependent measure

Amd, Micah and Barnes, Dermot and Ivanoff, Jason (2013) A derived transfer of eliciting emotional functions using differences among electroencephalograms as a dependent measure. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 99 (3). pp. 318-334. ISSN 0022-5002

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    Abstract

    Emotional responses have specific electroencephalographic (EEG) signatures that arise within a few hundred milliseconds post‐stimulus onset. In this experiment, EEG measures were employed to assess for transfer of emotional functions across three 3‐member equivalence classes in an extension of Dougher, Auguston, Markham, Greenway, & Wulfert's (1994) seminal work on the transfer of arousal functions. Specifically, 12 human participants were trained in the following match‐to‐sample performances A1 = B1, A2 = B2, A3 = B3 and B1 = C1, B2 = C2, B3 = C3. After successfully testing for the emergence of symmetry relations (B1 = A1, B2 = A2, B3 = A3 and C1 = B1, C2 = B2, C3 = B3), visual images depicting emotionally positive and emotionally negative content were presented with A1 and A3, respectively, using a mixed stimulus pairing–compounding procedure. A2 was paired with emotionally neutral images. Next, EEG data were recorded as participants were exposed to a forced‐choice recognition task with stimuli A1, B1, C1, A2, B2, C2, A3, B3, C3 and three novel stimuli A4, B4 and C4. Results yielded differential EEG effects for stimuli paired directly with emotional versus neutral images. Critically, differential EEG effects were also recorded across the C stimuli that were equivalently related to the A stimulus set. The EEG data coincide with previous reports of emotion‐specific EEG effects, indicating that the initial emotional impact of a stimulus may emerge based on direct stimulus pairing and derived stimulus relations.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Law and Education (FALE)
    Depositing User: Micah Ahmad
    Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2019 15:54
    Last Modified: 15 Jul 2019 15:54
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11651
    UNSPECIFIED

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