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Haematology, Carcass and fatty acid composition of finishing broilers fed enzyme supplemented expeller copra meal in corn - animal protein diets

Devi, Ashika and Diarra, Siaka S. and Mael, Sandy (2020) Haematology, Carcass and fatty acid composition of finishing broilers fed enzyme supplemented expeller copra meal in corn - animal protein diets. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 22 (2). 001-008. ISSN 1516-635X

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    Abstract

    This study analyzes the effect of different levels of expeller copra meal (ECM) in animal protein-based diets with enzyme on the haematology, carcass and fatty acid composition of broilers. One hundred and sixty 20 days old Cobb broilers were assigned 8 different diets, 2 of them being controls and 6 others containing ECM at 150, 300 and 450 g/kg, with or without enzymes. Four replicate cages of 5 birds each were fed the diets in a completely randomized design. Higher white blood cell (WBC) counts were obtained in chickens fed the control and 150g/kg ECM with enzyme (p<0.05) diets. Meat saturated fatty acids (SFA) content increased on the 150 g/kg diet and later decreased above 300 g/kg without enzyme (p<0.05). Monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) content was reduced with the inclusion of increasing ECM levels (p<0.05). No interaction effect on polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was found. Main effects observed were MUFA and PUFA decrease with the inclusion of ECM in the diet (p< 0.05). Saturated fatty acid (SFA) content was found to increase on the 150 g ECM/kg diet and later to reduce with increasing ECM levels (p<0.05). Enzyme supplementation reduced SFA and MUFA content (p< 0.05) but had no effect on PUFA (p>0.05). In conclusion, inclusion of ECM up to 300 g/kg in corn-animal protein diets has no adverse effects on most broiler haematological variables, but meat fatty acid composition may be altered. More research into basal diet composition, enzyme source and concentration is recommended.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
    Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Agriculture and Food Technology
    Depositing User: Siaka Diarra
    Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2020 15:20
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 15:20
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12327
    UNSPECIFIED

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