USP Electronic Research Repository

Scientific evidence for ecosystem - based disaster risk reduction

Sudmeier-Rieux, K. and Arce-Mojica, T. and Boehmer, H.J. and Doswald, N. and Emerton, L. and Friess, D.A. and Galvin, Stephen and Hagenlocher, M. and James, H. and Laban, P. and Lacambra, C. and Lange, W. and McAdoo, B.G. and Moos, C. and Mysiak, J. and Narvaez, L. and Nehren, U. and Peduzzi, P. and Renaud, F.G. and Sandholz, S. and Schreyers, L. and Sebesvari, S. and Tom, T. and Triyanti, A. and van Eijk, P. and van Staveren, M. and Vicarelli, M. and Walz, Y. (2021) Scientific evidence for ecosystem - based disaster risk reduction. Nature Sustainability, NA . NA. ISSN 2398-9629

[img]
Preview
PDF (Galvin) - Published Version
Download (1313Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    Ecosystems play a potentially important role in sustainably reducing the risk of disaster events worldwide. Yet, to date, there are few comprehensive studies that summarize the state of knowledge of ecosystem services and functions for disaster risk reduction. This paper builds scientific evidence through a review of 529 English-language articles published between 2000 and 2019. It catalogues the extent of knowledge on, and confidence in, ecosystems in reducing disaster risk. The data demonstrate robust links and cost-effectiveness between certain ecosystems in reducing specific hazards, something that was revealed to be particularly true for the role of vegetation in the stabilization of steep slopes. However, the published research was limited in geographic distribution and scope, with a concentration on urban areas of the Global North, with insufficient relevant research on coastal, dryland and watershed areas, especially in the Global South. Many types of ecosystem can provide sustainable and multifunctional approaches to disaster risk reduction. Yet, if they are to play a greater role, more attention is needed to fill research gaps and develop performance standards.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
    Depositing User: Stephen Galvin
    Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 15:35
    Last Modified: 29 Jun 2021 15:35
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12831
    UNSPECIFIED

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads

    More statistics for this item...